Employment Non-Discrimination Act (USA)

Published August 11, 2009 by Michael C Leeson

Employment Non-Discrimination Act (ENDA)

Would prohibit discrimination against employees on the basis of sexual orientation, gender identity, and disability. Such protections are already available to employees of the federal government through executive orders for sexual orientation and gender identity in 1998 and 2009 respectively; this would extend them to employees in the private sector (religious organisations exempted).

First introduced in 1994

103rd Congress

House of Representatives

Employment Non-Discrimination Act of 1994

H.R. 4636 June 23, 1994 Rep. Gerry Studds (D-MA)

Died in the House Subcommittee on Select Education and Civil Rights


S. 2238 July 29, 1994 Sen. Ted Kennedy (D-MA)

Died in the Senate Committee on Labor and Human Resources


Introduced in the following congresses 104, 105, 106, 107, 108, 110 on each occasion Gender Identity was not included and the bill either died in committee or failed on the floor when put to the vote.

111th Congress Employment Non-Discrimination Act 2009

Includes Gender Identity

House of Representatives

H.R. 2981 June 19, 2009 Rep. Barney Frank (D-MA)

Referred to the House Judiciary Committee

H.R. 3017 June 24, 2009 Rep. Barney Frank (D-MA)

Referred to the House Judiciary Committee


S. 1584 August 5, 2009 Rep. Jeff Merkley (D-OR)

Referred to the Senate Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions Committee

Current U.S. LGBT employment discrimination laws

All employment:
Sexual orientation and gender identity Sexual orientation onlyState employment:
Sexual orientation and gender identity Sexual orientation only No state-level protection for LGBT employees

United ENDA coalition




Australian Human Rights Commission

Australian Human Rights Commission Act 1986

An Act to establish the Australian Human Rights Commission, to make provision in relation to human rights and in relation to equal opportunity in employment, and for related purposes

The Australian Human Rights Commission works to promote and protect the rights

What are human rights?

Every person has inherent dignity and value. Human rights help us to recognise and respect that fundamental worth in ourselves and in each other.

Australia has agreed to uphold the human rights standards set out in a number of international treaties and declarations, including:

International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR)

International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR)

Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC)

Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW)

Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (CERD)

Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR)

Related Legislation

Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender and Intersex Equality


Anti-Discrimination Commission Queensland

is an independent statutory authority established under the Anti-Discrimination Act 1991.Our core business is to receive and deal with complaints of discrimination and other contraventions of the Act, and to promote human rights in Queensland.

Anti-Discrimination legislation and decisions

Tracking Your Rights: Lesbian, Gay, Bi-sexual, Transgender & Intersex People


Gender Identity & Vilification

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